Imagine you are on the brink of sleep when suddenly, your body twitches or you feel a uncontrolled jolt that suddenly wakes you up.
When you experience these poorly timed twitches or observe them in another person, they can be a little unnerving.
However, according to Mental Health Daily, these involuntary jerks are actually normal, and they are called hypnagogic jerks or hypnic jerks.A hypnagogic jerk or hypnic jerk is an involuntary twitch that occurs right before a person falls to #sleep, which can cause them to jump and awaken suddenly. #health Click To Tweet
What is a Hypnic Jerk?
The word hypnagogic is composed of the Greek words, “hypnos,” and, “agogos.”
The word, “hypnos,” means sleep while the word, “agogos,” means preceding or coming before.
Hypnagogic jerks, therefore, are involuntary muscular jolts or twitches that occur during the transition from wakefulness to sleep.Most individuals experience hypnagogic jerks just moments before #fallingasleep, and they may not even remember having them. Click To Tweet
According to DNews, this makes hypnic jerks difficult to study. Scientists estimate that between 60 and 70 percent of all individuals have hypnagogic jerks.
When your brain transitions from wakefulness to sleep, it makes a shift.
There are two systems located in the middle of your brain behind the eyes.
The reticular activating system (RAS) plays an important role in awakeness as well as in the transition between wakefulness and sleep while the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) controls you while you are asleep.
According to the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, the VLPO helps you stay asleep by keeping other areas of your brain quiet.
Your brain stops making serotonin when you sleep.
Serotonin is a chemical that plays an important role in mood as well as controlling the movement of the large muscles in your body, such as those found in your arms and legs.
However, serotonin does not control smaller muscles, such as the ones found in your wrists, eyes, and lips.
Approximately 90 minutes after you go to sleep, your brain paralyzes you so you cannot get up and begin moving while you dream.
As you go to sleep, the RAS deactivates while your VLPO becomes active.
Some scientists believe that hypnagogic jerks occur when you begin to dream but are not paralyzed yet.
In other words, your VAS is struggling with your VLPO, and hypnagogic jerks are the result of misfiring nerves as the two systems struggle against one another.You know when your body jerks awake before you fall to #sleep? Here's why... Click To Tweet
Hypnic Jerk Causes
An evolutionary theory suggests that hypnagogic jerks are the result of our ancestors’ survival needs.
The theory suggests that your brain interrupts your relaxed state before sleeping as an indication that you’re about to fall out of a tree.
This theory asserts that a primate would get comfortable in a tree and begin to fall asleep, but the primate’s body would involuntarily jerk to keep the primate awake and prevent a fall.
Scientists aren’t sure what causes hypnagogic jerks.
However, certain factors may put you at risk for experiencing them.
Specifically, anxiety, brain lesions, caffeine intake, taking drugs, drinking alcohol, sleep deprivation, sleeping on your back, a variable sleep schedule, stress, and using stimulants all increase your risk for experiencing hypnagogic jerks.
Additionally, untreated sleep disorders and exercising in the afternoon or evening increases the chance you’ll have hypnagogic jerks.
Dangers of Severe Hypnagogic Jerks
Severe hypnagogic jerks can be a symptom of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or Fibromyalgia or an indication of a brain injury or nerve damage. However, most hypnagogic jerks are harmless.
Check out this cool hypnic jerk video by Discover Channel
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