Getting sick from a vital sustenance is a scary thought, but it does happen. A common ailment from contaminated food or water is typhoid fever. This is a serious disease that causes bacterial infections in your body.
Symptoms of typhoid fever include overall weakness, high fever, stomach ache, headache, and appetite loss. When you notice these symptoms, getting immediate medical health could save your life.
You’ll usually be prescribed Ciprofloxacin in order to cure the infection.
How does this drug cure typhoid fever? Continue reading and find out why it could save your life.
About Typhoid Fever
Before understanding how Ciprofloxacin treats typhoid fever, it’s important to understand what this disease involves.
Typhoid fever, or enteric fever, is common in most parts of the world. The most at-risk region is south Asia.
However, industrial countries don’t have to worry about this ailment. These include the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and Japan. But travelers from these regions are also at risk.
There are about 22 million cases of typhoid fever each year. But only 200,000 die from the disease.
What Is Typhoid Fever?
Typhoid is a bacterial infection, caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi.
When you suffer from this condition, one of the most common symptoms is a high fever. This is where Typhoid Fever gets its name. The fever you experience is higher than a fever you’ll probably ever experience – it’s around 140 degrees!
The most common way bacteria is spread is through contaminated food and water. But typhoid fever is often contagious. It can be spread by shaking someone’s hand or any other type of physical contact.
Before they experience symptoms, most carriers don’t realize they have the virus. Because of this fact, travelers often carry this ailment when they come home from traveling.
Salmonella typhi lives in your intestines and travels throughout your bloodstream. The bacterium lives primarily in your intestines between one and three weeks.
After, it breaks through the intestinal wall and enters your blood. This is around the time you’ll begin to feel sick, but symptoms may not arise until 30 days after infection.
A doctor can easily find the S. Typhi bacteria in your blood, stool, urine, or bone marrow sample.
Ciprofloxacin treats all types of bacterial infections. Commonly, this antibiotic is prescribed for urinary tract infections (UTI) and bacteria in the digestive system and skin.
The primary function of this medication is to stop the growth of bacteria. Since it wards off all types of bacteria, it’s ideal great for treating flu.
This medication belongs to the antibiotic family called quinolone. This is the compound that kills bacteria in your system. Because quinolone destroys bacteria, it’s prescribed for other ailments too, such as bone and joint infections.
Side effects include heart rhythm alteration, blood sugar changes, and sunlight sensitivity.
You should not use this medication if you’re allergic to quinolone or have a severe heart condition. The same goes for those who suffer from metabolic disorders or have recently had a bacterial vaccine.
This medication is extremely potent. Therefore, it’s only prescribed to treat severe ailments. Depending on your dosage, expect to spend between $15 and $100 USD.
Why It Treats Typhoid Fever
Ciprofloxacin has microbiological and pharmacokinetic properties. Because of this, it can effectively treat typhoid fever.
This medication is prescribed for multiple strains of Salmonella. It eliminates all strains of the Salmonella bacteria, so it can treat S. typhi.
Along with treating Salmonella, this medication destroys the pathogens that appear in your fluids. Therefore, this makes you less prone to spread typhoid fever.
Typhoid fever is only treatable with antibiotics. A wider range of antibiotics can also be prescribed for typhoid fever treatment.
In some patients, the infection builds up an immunity to antibiotics. This was the case with Ciprofloxacin when a patient in Pakistan still suffered from typhoid fever after taking this drug as prescribed.
This occurred because the typhoid fever strain built an immunity to fluoroquinolone, the group that this medication belongs to.
Because of its strength, fluoroquinolone is the premier medication that medical professionals prescribe.
Resistance to antibiotics is common with typhoid fever. Most medical professionals have a guideline for detecting any immunities. But this one case showed an immunity detection failure.
This isn’t the only antityphoid medication to experience immunity. Other reported examples include chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole, and ampicillin. If typhoid develops an immunity to Ciprofloxacin, another drug will be prescribed.
Avoiding Typhoid Fever
To reduce the number of typhoid fever cases, prevention is important.
While everyone should pay attention to these tips, people living in typhoid-heavy regions and those who travel should be most vigilant.
If you plan on traveling to a typhoid-heavy country, get vaccinated before leaving. You can opt for an injection or take a series of medications.
Keep in mind, the typhoid fever vaccine isn’t 100 percent effective. But it can help decrease the risk of contracting the ailment. There are also side effects associated with the vaccine.
Eating and Drinking Tips
The most common way to catch typhoid fever is through food and water contamination. But certain diet choices decrease your risk of typhoid infection.
- Only eat hot food
- Cook your own meals
- Drinking carbonated water
- Avoid eating at food stands
- Only drinking bottled water
- Do not use ice in your drinks
- Only eating fully-cooked foods
- Avoid raw vegetables and fruits
In addition to your diet, always wash your hands or carry hand sanitizer. Avoid shaking strangers’ hands or avoid touching anyone.
Prevent Typhoid Fever
Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial disease that causes extremely high fever and other dangerous symptoms. Irregular heart failure, stomach pains, and headache are just a few to mention.
Without treatment, this disease can be fatal.
Fortunately, you can rid yourself of this ailment. Typhoid fever can only be treated with antibiotics, and one of the most powerful medications is Ciprofloxacin.
If you notice any symptoms, see your doctor immediately.